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BDF C-212-300 Aviocar
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BDF C-212-300 Aviocar

BDF C-212-300 Aviocar
- 210-OC2 -

CASA C.212 Aviocar - Medium transport



The CASA C-212 Aviocar is a turboprop-powered STOL medium transport aircraft designed and built in Spain for civil and military use. C-212s have also been produced under licence in Indonesia by IPTN.

Design and development

During the late 1960s, the Spanish Air Force was still operating the already outdated Junkers Ju 52 and Douglas C-47. CASA developed the C-212 as a more modern alternative, with the first prototype flying on March 26 1971. In 1974, the Spanish Air Force decided to acquire the Aviocar to update its fleet.

When airlines took note of the type's success with the military, CASA developed a commercial version, the first examples of which were delivered in July 1975. In August 2006 a total of 30 CASA 212 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service around the world.

Description

The Aviocar has a high-mounted wing, a boxy fuselage, and a conventional tail. The tricycle undercarriage is fixed.

Incidents and Accidents

The CASA 212 has been involved in 71 hull-loss incidents with a total of 499 fatalities.This is a high occurrence, however the aircraft is generally not considered accident-prone as the cause of most crashes have been attributed to it being used in high-risk operations at low altitudes.

October 26, 2006
Swedish Coast Guard CASA 212-200 (registration: SE-IVF/serial nr: KBV 585) crashed in the Falsterbo Canal during a surveillance mission, killing all four onboard.Eye-witness accounts suggest that the accident was caused by one of the wings of the aircraft somehow detaching from the plane.The preliminary report from the Swedish Accident Investigation Board suggests that the right wing detached due to a fatigue crack which had developed in the load-bearing structure in the wing . The investigation is ongoing.
November 15, 2006
Mexican Navy CASA 212-200 Maritime Patrol (serial AMP-114) crashed in the sea in Campeche coast over the Mexican Gulf during a surveillance mission, all crew managed to survive, due to a smooth maneuver, reasons of the accident still unknown.


Variants

Series 100

C-212A
Original military production version. Also known as C-212-5, C-212-5 series 100M, and by the Spanish Air Force as the T-12B and D-3A (for medevac aircraft), 129 built.
C-212AV
VIP transport version, T-12C.
C-212B
Six pre-production C-212As converted for photo-reconnaissance missions, TR-12A.
C-212C
Original civil version
C-212D
Two pre-production C-212As converted for use as navigational trainers, TE-12B.
NC-212-100
Manufactured under licence in Indonesia since 1976, IPTN producing 28 NC-212-100s before switching to NC-212-200.

Series 200

Stretched version with uprated engines introduced in 1979. The CASA C-212-200 is also a popular skydiving aircraft, known for its large capacity, fast climb, and large tailgate exit ramp.

C-212 series 200M
Military version known as T-12D in Spanish service and Tp 89 for the Swedish Air Force. Specialised ASW and maritime patrol aircraft have been built from this version.
NC-212-200
C-212-200 build under licence by IPTN.

Series 300

Standard production version from 1987 on. Winglets for improved performance.

C-212-M series 300 (Series 300M)
Military version.
C-212 series 300 airliner
26 seat regional airliner.
C-212 series 300 utility
23 seat civil utility version.
C-212 series 300P
Civil utility version with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65 engines

Series 400

Slightly enlarged version first flying in 1997. US military designation is C-41.

Operators

  •  United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi)
  •  Angola
  •  Argentina
  •  Bolivia
  •  Burma (Myanmar)
  •  Chad
  •  Chile
  •  Colombia
  •  Djibouti
  •  Dominican Republic
  •  Equatorial Guinea
  •  France
  •  Guinea
  •  Ghana
  •  Indonesia
  •  Jordan
  •  Lesotho
  •  Malta
  •  Mexico
  •  Nicaragua
  •  Panama
  •  Paraguay
  •  Portugal
  •  South Africa
  •  Spain
  •  Sweden
  •  Sudan
  •  Suriname
  •  Thailand
  •  United States
  •  Uruguay
  •  Venezuela
  •  Zimbabwe

Specifications (Series 300M)

General characteristics

  • Crew: two pilots
  • Capacity: up to 20 troops, 12 litters, or 2,820 kg (6,217 lb) of cargo
  • Length: 16.15 m (53 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.28 m (66 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 6.60 m (21 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 41 m² (441 ft²)
  • Empty: 4,400 kg (9,700 lb)
  • Loaded: kg ( kg)
  • Maximum takeoff: 8,000 kg (17,637 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2x Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-10R-513C, 690 kW (925 shp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 370 km/h (230 mph)
  • Range: 1,433 km (895 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 7,925 m (26,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 497 m/min (1,630 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: kg/m² ( lb/ft²)
  • Power/Mass: kW/kg ( hp/lb)

Armament

  • up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) of weapons on two hardpoints. Typically, machine gun pods or rocket launchers.

Source : Wikipedia




 
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