WORLD AIR WAR HISTORY


 
  Vietnam   Vietnamese People's Army Air Force (VPAAF) • Không Quân Nhân Dân Viet Nam (KQNDVN)
Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam / Cộng ḥa Xă hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam)

Vietnamese Air Force  •  Naval Aviation  •  Army Air and Air Defense Force  •  Coast Guard Aviation  •   •   •   • 

Area: 329,560 sq km (land: 325,360 sq km - water: 4,200 sq km)
Border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km

AF NEWS  •  AF HISTORY

Beginning-1964 (North Vietnam)
The first Vietnamese aircraft were two trainers, a De Havilland Tiger Moth and a Morane-Saulnier that were initially owned privately by the emperor Bao Dai. In 1945, Bao Dai gave the aircraft to the Vietnamese government. On March 9, 1949, Ho Chi Minh ordered the organization of the Air Force Research Committee (Ban Nghien Cuu Khong Quan). The first task was to send pilots and mechanics to the USSR and China for training. The first Vietnamese service aircraft flight was made by the Tiger Moth on August 15, 1949.

1956 saw the first organized pilot training schools in North Vietnam. The first unit of the Air Force (Khong Quan Nhan Dan Viet Nam) was the No. 919 Transport Regiment (Trung Doan Khong Quan Van Tai 919), organized on May 1, 1959, followed by the No. 910 Training Regiment (Trung Doan Khong Quan 910) with Yak-18 trainers. In 1963 the Air Force and Air Defense Force were merged into the Air and Air Defence Force (Phong Khong - Khong Quan Nhan Dan Viet Nam).

1964-1974 (North Vietnam)
The first North Vietnamese combat plane was a T-28 Trojan trainer , captured from theLaotian Air Force by its pilot, and utilized from early 1964 by the Vietnamese as a night fighter (shooting down the first US aircraft C-123 on February 15, 1964).

North Vietnam received its first fighter aircraft, the MiG-17 in February 1964, but they first arrived at air bases in China, where the pilots were trained. On February 3, 1964, the first fighter regiment No. 921 "Sao Do" was formed (Trung Doan Khong Quan Tiem Kich 921), and on August 6 it arrived from China in Vietnam with its MiG-17s. On September 7 another was formed, the No. 923 fighter regiment "Yen The". In May 1965, No. 929 bomber squadron (Dai Doi Khong Quan Nem Bom 929) was formed.

The North Vietnamese fighters' first air combat was on April 3, 1965. The Vietnamese claimed the shooting down of one US F-8 Crusader, which was not confirmed by US sources. Therefore, April 3 became the Vietnamese Air Force Day. On April 4 the VPAF scored the first confirmed victories. The US fighter community was shocked when slow, post-Korean era MiG-17 fighters shot down advanced F-105 Thunderchief fighters on a bombing run. From 1965, the Vietnamese were supplied MiG-21s by the USSR. The disappointing performance of US Air Force and US Navy pilots in supposedly advanced aircraft would result in a total revamping of pilot combat training, and the design of an entire generation of aircraft with design optimized for daylight dogfighting against the range of old and emerging MiG fighters. US forces could not completely track the MiGs on radar, and for political reasons were required to visually acquire their targets, nullifiying much of the advantage of radar guided missiles, which often proved unreliable even when used. There were also other many political restrictions placed on when Vietnamese fighters could be attacked. The lopsided win / loss ratio enjoyed by Americans showed over the North Korean forces would not be repeated over Vietnam. The Vietnamese Air Force was primarily defensive, they did not challenge US air supremacy over South Vietnam or their counterparts, the VNAF of the Saigon government, or over US Navy carriers stationed off the coast.

On March 24, 1967 regiments Nos. 921, 923 and 919 were incorporated into the 371st Air Division "Thang Long" (Su Doan Khong Quan 371). In 1969, No. 925 fighter regiment was formed, flying the Shenyang J-6 (the Chinese-built MiG-19). In 1972 the fourth fighter regiment, No. 927 "Lam Son", was formed. In November 1973 there was formed No. 919 transport corps (Lu Doan Khong Quan 371), with aircraft and helicopters.

At the time of the Vietnam War, North Vietnam used the MiG-17F, PF (J-5); MiG-19 (J-6), MiG-21F-13, PF, PFM and MF fighters.

1975-1977 (Reunified Vietnam)
After the end of the Vietnam War (called the American War in Vietnam), in May 1975, more regiments were formed: no. 935 fighter regiment "Dong Nai" and no. 937 fighter-bomber regiment "Hau Giang" (Trung Doan Khong Quan Cuong Kich 937), followed by no. 918 transport regiment "Hong Ha" (Trung Doan Khong Quan Van Tai 918) and no. 917 mixed transport regiment "Dong Thap" in July 1975. In September 1975, the newly created four regiments were formed into the 372nd Air Division (Su Doan Khong Quan 372). In December 1975, the 370th Air Division "Hai Van" was formed, including among others the 925th fighter regiment.

On May 31, 1977, the Vietnam People's Air Force (Khong Quan Nhan Dan Viet Nam) was separated from the Air Defense Force (Phong Khong Viet Nam).


Current Service Aircraft:

Total
Now

Aircraft Type

Total
Del'd

Service
Entry

Origin

Fighter

4 (+20)

Su-30MKV Flanker-C

4

2003

Russia

9

Su-27SK Flanker-B

10

1997

Russia

2

Su-27UBK Flanker-C

4

1997

Russia

50

MiG-21bis Fishbed-L/N

60

1979

Soviet Union

30

MiG-21PF Fishbed-D

80

1966

Soviet Union

50

MiG-21MF Fishbed-J

76

1979

Soviet Union

10

MiG-21PFM Fishbed-F

48

1965

Soviet Union

10

MiG-21F-13Fishbed-C

120

1971

Soviet Union

42(+28)

Su-22M-4 Fitter-J

80

1984

Soviet Union / Poland

8 (+ 9)

Su-22UM-3K Fitter-K

40

1984

Soviet Union / Poland

 

Su-20 Fitter-C

100+

1974

Soviet Union / Poland

10

Su-22BKL Fitter-F

70+

1984

Soviet Union / Poland

16

Su-22M-2 Fitter-J

80

1993

Russia

 

F-5A Freedom Fighter

75

1975

USA

 

F-5B Freedom Fighter

 

1975

USA

 

F-5E Tiger II

27

1975

USA

 

A-37B Dragonfly

113

1975

USA

Recce

2

An-30 Clank

2

1986

Soviet Union

2 (+ 10)

M28B Bryza

 

2005

Poland

 

RF-5A Freedom Fighter

75

1975

USA

Transport

4

An-2 Colt

20

1958

Soviet Union

9

An-24 Coke

10

1966

Soviet Union

36

An-26 Curl

50

1979

Soviet Union

2

An-30, Clank

2

1986

Soviet Union

4

Be-12

12

1975

USA

-

C-130A Hercules

12

1975

USA

3

C-130B Hercules

23

1975

USA

4

C-130E Hercules

15

1975

USA

1

C-47

23

1975

USA

5

Jak-40 Codling

16

1979

Soviet Union

-

Il-18 Coot 

4

1965

Soviet Union

-

Il-14 Crate 

45

1958

Soviet Union

Helicopter

30

Mi-24D Hind-D

 

1979

Soviet Union

14

Ka-28 Helix-A

14

1998

Russia

5

Ka-25BSh Hormone-A

17

1969

Soviet Union

60

Mi-14 Haze

 

1970

Soviet Union

 

Mi-17Hip-E

 

1986

Soviet Union

60

Mi-8 Hip-C

60

1970

Soviet Union

60

Mi-4 Hound

40

1964

Soviet Union

(+ 4)

W-3 Sokol

 

2005

Poland

10

Mi-6A Hook

16

1966

Soviet Union

 

Bell 205 / UH-1H Iroquois

45

1975

USA

Training

3

L-29RS

4

1956

Czech

24

L-39C Albatros

24

1980

Czech

16

MiG-21UM Mongol-B

30

1975

Soviet Union

6

MiG-21US Mongol-B

10

1982

Soviet Union

4

MiG-21UTI Mongol-A

10

1974

Soviet Union

 

MiG-15UTI Midget

20

1966

Soviet Union

2

Su-22UM-3 Fitter-E

30

1993

Russia

2

Su-17U Fitter

30

1997

Russia

1

T-28 Trojan

1

1964

USA

12

Jak-52

 

 

Soviet Union

12

Jak-18 Max

30

1959

Soviet Union

 

Yak-11 Moose

25

1956

Soviet Union


Organisation

Air Force Staff

 

Hanoi

370 Hai Van Su Doan

 

Da Nang

?? Trung Doan

Su-27/UB/30MKV

Phan Rang

929 Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

Da Nang

935 Dong Nai Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

Bien Hoa

937 Hau Giang Trung Doan

Su-22M-4/UM-3K

Phan Rang

371 Thang Long Su Doan

 

Noi Bai

921 Sao Do Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

Noi Bai

927 Lam Son Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

Kep

931 Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

Yen Bai

372 Le Loi Su Doan

 

Tho Xuan

923 Yen The Trung Doan

Su-22M-4/UM-3K

Tho Xuan

925 Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

??

933 Trung Doan

MiG-21bis/UM

Kien An

Transport Brigade

 

Gia Lam

916 Ba Vi Trung Doan

Mi-6/8/24D

Hoa Lac

917 Dong Thap Trung Doan

An-2/26, Mi-8

Tan Son Nhat

918 Hong Ha Trung Doan

An-26/30, Jak-40

Gia Lam

954 Trung Doan

Ka-25/28

Gia Lam

Air Force Academy

 

Nha Trang

910 Julius Fucik Trung Doan

L-39C, Jak-18

Nha Trang

920 Trung Doan

MiG-21UM

Phu Cat

Source : http://www.newportaero.com , http://www.worldairforces.com, http://en.wikipedia.org, www.fighter-jets.de

 
Su-27UBK Flanker-C
Vietnamese Sukhoi Su-27SK Flanker-B
Vietnamese Mikoyan MiG-21MF Fishbed-J
Vietnamese Mikoyan MiG-21UM Mongol-B
Vietnamese Sukhoi Su-22M-2 Fitter-J
Vietnamese Mikoyan MiG-19
Vietnam AF
Scheme
Vietnamese Su-27SK Flanker-B


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