Estonian Defense Forces: Land Force, Navy, Air Force (Eesti Ohuvagi), Defense League (Kaitseliit, KL)
ESTONIAN AIR FORCE • Eesti Õhuvägi
Estonian Air Surveillance Division 250 (+400) personnel; 1 air base; Flying hours 120 hrs/year
Forces by Role & Equipment by Type
• AIRCRAFT No Combat Capable. Total 9 Aircraft.
1 surv wg
Advanced Flying Training 2 Trg ac:
2 Aero Vodochody L-39C Albatros
Basic Flying Training 5 Trg ac:
2 Yakovlev Yak-52;
1 PZL 104 Wilga 35;
2 Let L-13 Blanik
Reconnaissance 2 Recce / Tpt ac:
2 Antonov An-2R Colt
• HELICOPTER No Armed capable. Total 4 Helicopters.
Utility 1 team with 4 Utl ac:
4 Robinson R-44 Clipper
LM AN/TPS-117 3-dimensional air search radars; VERA-E passive radiolocators; Giraffe-75 air defense and surveillance systems; Ground Master 403 medium-range air defense radars (planned)
The Estonian Air Force consists of three units;
Air Force Headquarters, the Ämari Air Base and Air Surveillance Wing.
Commander of Air Force - Air Surveillance Wing
Ämari Air Base: Air Wing (Lennubaas) - L-39, Yak-52, An-2, PZL-104, L-13, R-44
Ämari (Ohuväe Staap) - Radar guidance
Air Bases and airfields
Although the Estonian Air Force inherited a large number of former Soviet Air Force airfields in 1991 during the restoration of independence, most of them were disbanded within in early 90s due to non-existing need for such airfields. The Estonian Air Force has one active air base, which is currently under reconstruction, and occasionally uses a civilian airfield in Tallinn.
Note: Estonia has 13 airports with paved runways (over 3,047 m: 2 2,438 to 3,047 m: 7 1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 914 to 1,523 m: 2), 6 airports with unpaved runways (1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 914 to 1,523 m: 1 under 914 m: 3), and one heliport