Yemen   Republic of Yemeni Air Force (RYAF) • Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Jamahiriya al Yemeniya
Republic of Yemen (Al-Jumhūriyyah al-Yamaniyyah (Al Yaman) الجمهورية اليمنية )

Yemeni Air Force  •  Army AD & SSM Units  •  Yemen Navy  •  Paramilitary Forces  •  Deployment  •   •   • 
MiG-29 --F-5E -- Su-22M-2 --- L-39C -- Mi-24D -- IL-76TD -- An-12 -- An-26 -- An-32 -- Mi-8T/17 -- MiG-17F

Yemen Army, Navy (includes Marines), Yemen Air Force (Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Jamahiriya al Yemeniya; includes Air Defense Force), Republican Guard. Active 66,700 (Army 60,000 Navy 1,700 Air Force 3,000, Air Defence 2,000) Paramilitary 71,200


REPUBLIC OF YEMENI AIR FORCE (RYAF) Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Jamahiriya al Yemeniyaسلاح الجو اليمني

Air Force 3,000 personnel.


Forces by Role & Equipment by Type

Includes Air Defence Force


AIRCRAFT 156 combat capable. Total 235 Aircraft.


Multi-role Fighter & Air Defence (Interceptor) 2 sqns with 53 Multi-role Ftr ac:

18 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29SMT Fulcrum-F;

4 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Fulcrum-C (Four were obtained from Moldova, none are thought to have entered service)

25 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Fulcrum-A (Believed to have been upgraded to MiG-29SMT standard)

2 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29UBT Fulcrum (Unclear if these were upgraded from existing MiG29UB airframes or new-builds)

4 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29UB Fulcrum-B (At least two believed to have been upgraded to MiG-29UBT)


Air Defence (Interceptor) 3 sqns with 55 Ftr ac:

35+ Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21bis Fishbed L/M, MiG-21MF Fishbed-J (Four supplied by Ukraine in 2006, followed by another 17 during 2007);

6+ Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21bis (LASUR) Fishbed-N (At least six ex-Bulgarian machines received af ter overhaul in Ukraine in 2007)

6 Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corp (CAC) F-7M Airguard (Reportedly acquired from China in 2001)

4+ Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21UM Mongol-B*;

2 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21U Mongol-A*;


Air Defence (Interceptor) 1 sqn with 8 Ftr ac:

6 Northrop F-5E Tiger II;

2 Northrop F-5B Freedom Fighter*;


Fighter Ground Attack 2 sqns with 38+ FGA ac:

15 Sukhoi Su-22M-4 Fitter-K (Most recent acquisitions were six from Ukraine in 2007);

3 Sukhoi Su-22UM-3K Fitter-G;

10 Sukhoi Su-22M Fitter-F (Included in Su-22M-4 total);

5 Sukhoi Su-22M-2 Fitter-H (Included in Su-22M-4 total);

4 Sukhoi Su-20 (Su-17M Fitter-C) / Sukhoi Su-17 FGA/Su-22 (Su-17M-2 Fitter-D)


Light transport & Utility 2 Lt Tpt/Utl ac:

2 Cessna-208N-ISR surveillance version or AC-208B armed version


Transport 1 sqn with 20 Tpt ac:

1 Lockheed C-130H Hercules (Donated by the US in 1979);

1 Lockheed L-100-30 Hercules

3 Ilyushin Il-76TD Candid (Delivered in 1994/95);

1 CASA (Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA) CN-235M-300

5 Antonov An-26 Curl;

2 An-24RV Coke (Includes all An-24 variants);

3 Antonov An-12BP Cub;

4 Ilyushin Il-14 Crate 4


Training 1 trg school with 59 Trg ac:

22 Aero Vodochody L-39C Albatros (Eleven supplied new in 1999 with a further 13 acquired from Ukraine during 2005/6);

14 Yakovlev Yak-11 Moose;

10 Zlin Z-242L;
1 Zlin Z-143L;

12 SB-7L-360 Seeker



* Trainer Aircraft


HELICOPTER 32 armed capable. Total 66 Helicopters.

  8 sqns with


Anti-Armour Attack 2 sqns 12 Atk hel:

8 Mil (Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant) Mi-35 Super Hind-F;

4 Mil Mi-24 Hind-D


Utility 2 sqn 10+ Utl hel:

2+ Agusta-Bell AB-212

4 Bell Helicopter Bell 206B JetRanger;

2 Kamov Company Ka-28 Helix-A

2 Agusta-Bell AB-204B Iroquois


VIP Transport 1 sqn with 2 VIP Tpt Hel:

2 Bell 214


Support 4 sqns 31+ Spt hel:

2 Mil Mi-14 Haze;

10 Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant (U-UAP) Mi-171Sh Hip-H;

5 Mil Mi-17 Hip-H;

10+ Mil Mi-8 Hip-B (Includes all sub-types);

4 Bell Helicopter UH-1H-II Huey II (Delivered on January 16, 2011 from the US)


Rotary Flying Training 1 Trg hel:

1 Agusta Bell AB-47 (Bell 47);




  ASM: 50 Kh-29/AS-14 Kedge (For MiG-29SMT)

  Anti-ship missile/ARM: 60 Kh-31A1/AS-17 (For MiG-29SMT)

  BVRAAM 300: 100 RVV-AE/AA-12 Adder (For MiG-29SMT); 100 R-27/AA-10 Alamo (For MiG-29SMT); 100 R-23R/T/AA-7 Apex (For MiG-23MF)

  SRAAM 1286: 176 R-73/AA-11 Archer (For MiG-29SMT); 72 AIM-9E Sidewinder (United States Aid; for F-5E); 606 R-13R/AA-2C Atoll-C ( For MiG-21MF, MiG-23MF, Su-7B and Su-22); 270 R-13R/AA-2C Atoll-C (For MiG-21MF); 72 R-13S/AA-2 Atoll (For MiG-21F); 90 R-13R/AA-2C Atoll-C ( For Su-22)




Air Defence 2,000


Air Force Air Defence Systems
AD •

SP SA-6 Gainful (400 3M9/SA-6 Gainful SAM); SA-9 Gaskin (300 Strela-1/SA-9 Gaskin SAM); SA-13 Gopher

TOWED 9 SA-2 Guideline SAM systems (216 SA-2 Guideline SAM); SA-3 Goa (100 5V27/SA-3B Goa SAM)

MANPAD SA-7 Grail (460 Strela-2/SA-7 Grail Portable SAM); SA-14 Gremlin




  Republic of Yemen Air Force (al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Yamaniya) Main Headquarters: HQ Located at Aden


  Yemen AF Airfields and Airbases Organisation (Current Order of Battle):

  Yemen Air & Air Defence Force Sana’a (Courtesy Air Forces Intelligence)


Aden International Airport (OYAA) - Aden Air Brigade

128. Squadron (Det.): Ka-27/28 Helix-A, Mi-14 Haze, Mi-17 Hip-H, Mi-171Sh Hip-H, Mi-24 Hind, Mi-8 Hip-B

2011 – No distinct military area. Il-76 and two helicopters present.


Al Anad Airfield /Al Anad Air Base - Al Anad Air Brigade

?. Squadron (Det.): MiG-21bis Fishbed, MiG-21MF Fishbed-J, MiG-21UM Mongol-B

? Advanced Training Squadron: L-39C  

? Advanced Training Squadron: L-39C

? Basic Training Squadron: Zlin 242L    

128. Squadron (Det.): Ka-27/28 Helix-A, Mi-14 Haze, Mi-17 Hip-H, Mi-171Sh Hip-H, Mi-24 Hind, Mi-8 Hip-B

2004 – 21x shelters, 38x hardstands. MiG-21s near a large maintenance hangar.


Ataq Airfield / Ataq (OYAT) Air Base - Ataq Air Brigade

2010 - 12x dispersals, no significant infrastructure. Reserve base.


Al Ghaydah Airfield

2009 – Probable military reserve base and civilian airfield.


Al Hudaydah Airfield / Hodeidah (OYHD) Air Base - Al Hudaydah Air Brigade

16. Squadron: MiG-21bis Fishbed, MiG-21MF Fishbed-J, MiG-21UM Mongol-B

128. Squadron (Det.): Ka-27/28 Helix-A, Mi-14 Haze, Mi-17 Hip-H, Mi-171Sh Hip-H, Mi-24 Hind, Mi-8 Hip-B

2011 – 27x shelters constructed post 2004. Helicopter present

2010. 8x abandoned Il-28 Beagle bombers on disused runway – been there since before 2003. 6x MiG-21s noted in 2004.


Riyan Airfield / Riyan (Mukalla) (OYRN) Air Base - Riyan Air Brigade

128. Squadron (Det.): Ka-27/28 Helix-A, Mi-14 Haze, Mi-17 Hip-H, Mi-171Sh Hip-H, Mi-24 Hind, Mi-8 Hip-B

 2011 – 8x dispersals. One helicopter present. Mainly civilian airport. Reserve base.


Sana’a-al-Dailami Airfield / Sanaa/Intl (OYSN) Air Base - Sanaa Air Brigade

6. Squadron (Det.): Su-17M Fitter-C, Su-20 Fitter-C, Su-22M-3KFitter-J, Su-22UM-3K Fitter-G, Su-22M-4

26. Squadron: Su-22M-3KFitter-J, Su-22UM-3K Fitter-G, Su-22M-4

9. Squadron: MiG-29SMT Fulcrum-F, MiG-29UBT Fulcrum, MiG-29A/UB

121. Squadron: F-5E Tiger II, F-5B

xx Squadron: Z143L, Z242L

4. Squadron: An-26 Curl, An-24RV Coke,

115. Squadron: C-130H Hercules, L-100-30, Il-76TD Candid, An-12BP Cub

3. Squadron: Bell 212, AB.212, Bell 206B JetRanger, UH-1H-II Huey II   

124. VIP Squadron: Bell 214    

128. Squadron: Ka-27/28 Helix-A, Mi-14 Haze, Mi-17 Hip-H, Mi-171Sh Hip-H, Mi-24 Hind, Mi-8 Hip-B

2011 – Major base. Large transport ramp, 34x shelters, 19x HAS. Su-22s, MiG-29s, helicopters and transport types present. Large civilian airport.


Taiz Ganed Airfield / Taiz (OYTZ) Air Base - Taiz Air Brigade

26. Squadron (Det.): MiG-21bis, MiG-21MF, MiG-21UM

xx. Squadron:  L-39C Albatros

8. Helicopter Squadron: Mi-17 Hip-H, Mi-8 Hip-B

9. Helicopter Squadron: Mi-35, Mi-24 Hind

2011 – Military ramps active with 8x Su-22s, 4x L-39s and helicopters – possibly Haze. No hangars, dispersals or HAS. Civilian airport.


Seiyun Airfield

2011 – C-130 noted. No hangars, dispersals or shelters. Reserve base/civilian airfield.


Sa’dah Airfield

2011 – Airfield constructed post 2006. No dispersals, hangars or shelters.


Note: Republic of Yemen has 17 airports with paved runways (over 3,047 m: 4 2,438 to 3,047 m: 9 1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 914 to 1,523 m: 1) and 38 airports with unpaved runways (over 3,047 m: 3 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5 1,524 to 2,437 m: 6 914 to 1,523 m: 14 under 914 m:10)

YARAF Mikoyan MiG-29
YARAF Sukhoi Su-22M-2
YARAF Mil Mi-24A Hind
Yemen AF

   Yemen AF News:

Second Su-22 Fighter Jet Crashes in Yemen

• Second Su-22 Fighter Jet Crashes in Yemen  (5/13/2013)

Yemeni Air Force upset with government, US after two military plane crashes

• Yemeni Air Force upset with government, US after two military plane crashes  (2/20/2013)

Yemeni Su-22 Fighter plane crashes in Sanaa

• Yemeni Su-22 Fighter plane crashes in Sanaa  (2/19/2013)

• RAF (Royal Air Force) Surveillance Aircraft Clock up 20,000 Flying Hours  (8/29/2012)

• U.S. Air Force deploying tiny special operations planes to the Middle East  (8/28/2012)

• Yemen air force, A US Predator unmanned drone kill 24 Qaeda suspects  (4/8/2012)

• Yemen Air force base blasts close Sanaa airport

• Rebels use SAMs to down Su-22 fighter-jets in Yemen

• Air strikes on Yemen town 'kill seven civilians'

• Air strikes on Yemen town 'kill seven civilians'


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