Vietnam   Vietnamese People's Army Air Force (VPAAF) • Không Quân Nhân Dân Viet Nam (KQNDVN)
Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam / Cộng ḥa Xă hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam)

Vietnamese Air Force  •  Naval Aviation  •  Army Air and Air Defense Force  •  Coast Guard Aviation  •   •   •   • 

Area: 329,560 sq km (land: 325,360 sq km - water: 4,200 sq km)
Border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km


People's Armed Forces: People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; includes People's Navy Command (with Naval Infantry, Coast Guard), Air and Air Defense Force (Khong Quan Nhan Dan), Border Defense Command), People's Public Security Forces, Militia Force, Self-Defense Forces. Active 455,000 (Army 412,000 Navy 13,000 Air 30,000) Paramilitary 40,000  Note:Terms of service 2 years Army and Air Defence, 3 years Air Force and Navy, specialists 3 years, some ethnic minorities 2 years. Reserves 5,000,000




Air Force 30,000 personnel. 3 air divs (each with 3 regts), a tpt bde


Forces by Role & Equipment by Type


AIRCRAFT 240 combat capable. Total 347 Aircrafts.


Multi-role 2 regt with 14+ Multi-role ac:

14 Su-30MK2V Flanker (+10 on orders)


Strike Fighter 1 regt with 12 FGA ac:

7 Sukhoi Su-27SK FlankerB;

5 Sukhoi Su-27UBK Flanker-B*


Air Defence (Interceptor) 5 regt with 150 Ftr ac:

60 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21bis Fishbed-L & N;

80 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21MF Fishbed-J;

10 Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21UM Mongol-B*;


Fighter Ground Attack 4 regt with 60 FGA ac:

30 Sukhoi Su-22M-4 Fitter-K

23 Sukhoi Su-22M-3/3R Fitter-H/J (some recce dedicated)

2 Sukhoi Su-22UM-3 Fitter-U

5 Sukhoi Su-22 Fitter-H/J/K (Ex-Czech; modernized in Ukraine (for anti-ship operations) before delivery 2005)


Maritime Reconnaissance 1 regt with 4 ASW ac:

4 Beriev Be-12 Mail


Maritime Patrol 1 sqn with 3 MP ac:

3 Casa C-212 1-400 MPA, MSS


Surveillance 2 Surv ac:

2 Antonov An-30 Clank


Tactical Transport 1 regt with 22+ Tac Tpt ac:

12 Antonov An-26 Curl;

6 Antonov An-24 Coke

4 Yakovlev Yak-40 Codling (VIP)


Light Transport 1 regt with 18 Lt Tpt ac:

2 Antonov An-38

12 Antonov An-2 Colt;

4 PZL/Antonov An-2TD Colt;


Training Trg 2 regt with 62 Trg ac:

Advanced Flying Training 30 Adv Trg ac:

10 Aero Vodochody L-39Z Albatros;

16 Aero Vodochody L-39C Albatros;

4 Aero Vodochody L-29RS Delfin;

Basic Flying Training 32 Bsc Trg ac:

10 Shenyang CJ-6 /Nanchang BT-6 (Yak-18A Max);

22 Yakovlev Yak 52                 


* Trainer Aircraft



HELICOPTER 43 armed capable. Total 113 Helicopters.


Anti-Amour Attack 1 regt with 30 Atk hel:

26 Mil Mi-24D Hind-D;

4 Mil Mi-24A Hind-B


Anti-Submarine Warfare / Search and Rescue & Support 1 regt (The PAF also maintains VNM naval air arm) with:

Anti-Submarine Warfare 13 ASW hel:

3 Kamov Ka-25BSh Hormone-A*;

8 Kamov Ka-28* (Ka-27PL Helix-A)

2 Kamov KA-32S Helix-C;


Support 1 regt 54 Spt hel:

4 Mil Mi-6T Hook-A;

4 Mil MI-172 Hip-H;

16 Mil MI-17Sh Hip-H (Mi-8MT)

30 Mil Mi-8T Hip-C;


Utility 12 Utl Hel:

12 Bell UH-1H Iroquois


Search and Rescue 4 SAR hel:

4 PZL W-3S/RM Sokol




  Anti-ship missile 60+ASM:

  60 Kh-31A1/AS-17 Krypton (For Su-30MK2; incl Kh-31P anti-randar version);

  40 Kh-31A1/AS-17 Krypton (For Su-30MK2; Ordered);

  ASM 500+ ASM:

  100 Kh-29/AS-14 Kedge;

  400 Kh-23/AS-7 Kerry (For Su-22)

  + AS-18 Kazoo;

  ASM/ARM 400 ASM:

  400 Kh-25/AS-10 Karen (For Su-22 combat aircraft; incl Kh-25MP (AS-12) ARM version)

  ARM 100 ARM:

  100 Kh-28/AS-9 Kyle (For Su-22)


  SRAAM 2625+ AAM:

  + AA-12 Adder;

  75 R-73/AA-11 Archer (For Su-27);

  200 R-73/AA-11 Archer (For Su-30MK2);

  100 R-73/AA-11 Archer (Ordered; For Su-30MK2);

  400 R-60/AA-8 Aphid (For MiG-21bis);

  800 R-13S/AA-2S Atoll (For MiG-21bis and Su-22);

  750 R-13R/AA-2C Atoll-C (For MiG-21MF);

  200 R-13S/AA-2 Atoll (For MiG-21)


  150 R-27/AA-10 Alamo (For Su-27SK)



  Guided Bomb 100:

  100 KAB-500/1500


RADAR • Air search system

  4 Kolchuga


  6000 system under Police control, first ac delivered in August 2012


Air Defence Systems

some (People’s Regional) force (total: 1,000 AD unit,6 radar bde with 100 radar stn)



SAM site 68 with

SA-16 Gimlet MANPAD/SA-2 Guideline Towed/SA-3 Goa/SA-6 Gainful SP/SA-7 Grail MANPAD


SAM system   

2 S-300PMU-1/SA-20A


SP 10

10 2K12 Kvadrat/SA-6A Gainful



16 S-75 Dvina/SA-2 Guideline;

20 S-75M Volga/SA-2FGuideline;

20 S-125M/SA-3B Goa;



? SA-7 Grail;

100 Igla-1/SA-16 Gimlet;

20 9K35 ZREB-BD/SA-13 Mobile SAM system


Note: SAM Missiles delivered

75 48N6/SA-10D Grumble

500 Strela-10/SA-13 Gopher (1985)

600 For 3M9/SA-6 Gainful SAM systems (1979-1980)

350 For 5V27/SA-3B Goa SAM systems (1983)

350 For 5V27/SA-3B Goa SAM systems (1979)

700 For 5V27/SA-3B Goa SAM systems (1972-1973)

5000 For SA-2 Guideline SAM systems (1965-1969)

2658 For SA-2F Guideline SAM systems (1970-1972


GUNS 4 bde with

37mm; 57mm; 85mm; 100mm; 130mm




  Vietnam Air Force Main Headquarters: Air Force Staff Hanoi HQ

  Vietnam People's Air Force and Air Defense Divisions, Airfields and Air Bases Organization

  (Current Order of Battle):


  High Command of Air Defense and Air Force


  370th Air Force Division (Le Loi Air Wing)

  370 Hai Van Su Doan - Da Nang Air Base

  937th Fighter-Bomber, Hau Giang Squadron - Thanh Son Air Base

  937 Hau Giang Trung Doan: Su-22M-4/UM-3K

  935th Fighter, Dong Nai Squadron - Bien Hoa Air Base

  935 Dong Nai Trung Doan: Su-30MK2V

  936th Fighter, Dong Nai Squadron - Bien Hoa Air Base

  936 Dong Nai Trung Doan: MiG-21bis, MiG-21MF, MiG-21UM

  917th Mixed Air Transport, Dong Thap Squadron - Tan Son Nhat Air Base

  917 Dong Thap Trung Doan: An-2, An-24, An-26, UH-1H, Mi-8, Mi-17/172

  Air Force Officer School

  Air Force Academy - Nha Trang Air Base

  910th Air Training, Nha Trang Air Base

  910 Julius Fucik Trung Doan: L-39C, Yak-18   

  920nd Air Training, Cam Ranh Air Base

  920 Trung Doan: Yak-52, MiG-21UM (Phu Cat Air Base)          


  371st Air Force Division (Thang Long Air Wing)

  371 Thang Long Su Doan - Noi Bai International Airport

  921st Fighter, Red Star Squadron - Noi Bai Air Base

  921 Sao Do Trung Doan: Su-22M-4/UM-3K

  923rd Fighter-bomber, Yen The Squadron - Tho Xuan Air Base

  923 Yen The Trung Doan: Su-30MK2V

  924th Fighter-bomber, Yen The Squadron - Tho Xuan Air Base

  924 Yen The Trung Doan: Su-22M-4/UM-3K

  927th Fighter, Lam Son Squadron - Kep Air Base

  927 Lam Son Trung Doan: MiG-21bis, MiG-21MF, MiG-21UM

  931st Fighter, Yen Bai Squadron - Yen Bai Air Base

  931 Trung Doan: Su-22M-4/UM-3K

 Transport Brigade - Gia Lam Air Base

  916th Helicopter, Ba Vi Squadron - Hoa Lac Air Base

  916 Ba Vi Trung Doan: Mi-6, Mi-8, Mi-24D, Mi-171

  954th Helicopter, Gia Lam Air Base

  954 Trung Doan: Ka-25/28                 

  918th Air Transport, Hong Ha Squadron - Gia Lam Air Base

  918 Hong Ha Trung Doan: An-26, An-30, Yak-40, M-28


  372nd Air Force Division (Hai Van Air Wing)

  372 Le Loi Su Doan - Tho Xuan Air Base

  929th Fighter-Bomber, Son Tra Squadron - Da Nang Air Base

  929 Trung Doan: MiG-21bis, MiG-21MF, MiG-21UM

  940th Fighter/Air Training, Tay Son Squadron - Phu Cat Air Base

  940 Trung Doan: Su-27SK/UBK/PU

  925th Fighter Squadron - ? Air Base

  925 Trung Doan: MiG-21bis, MiG-21MF, MiG-21UM    

  933rd Fighter Squadron - Kien An Air Base

  933 Trung Doan: MiG-21bis, MiG-21MF, MiG-21UM


361st Air Defense Division (Ha Noi Air Defense Division) Ha Noi

ZSU-23-4, SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-9 Gaskin, SA-13 Gopher, S-300PMU-1

218th SA Artillery - Hoa Lu Regiment

280th SA Artillery - Hong Linh Regiment

236th SA Missile - Song Da Regiment

250th SA Missile - Thang Long Regiment

257th SA Missile - Red Flag Regiment


363rd Air Defense Division (Hai Phong Air Defense Division) Hai Phong

ZSU-23-4, SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-9 Gaskin, SA-13 Gopher 

240th AA Artillery

213th SA Missile

238th SA Missile - Ha Long Regiment

285th SA Missile - Nam Trieu Regiment


365th Air Defense Division (Bac Thai Air Defense Division) Bac Giang

ZSU-23-4, SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-9 Gaskin, SA-13 Gopher, SA-6 Gainful

228th SA Artillery - Ham Rong Regiment          

267th SA Missile - Dien Bien Regiment

284th SA Missile - Song La Regiment


367th Air Defense Division (HCMC Air Defense Division) Ho Chi Minh city

SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-6 Gainful, S-300PMU-1

230th SA Artillery - Thong Nhat Regiment

261st SA Missile - Thanh Loa Regiment

263th SA Missile - Quang Trung Regiment

276th SA Missile


375th Air Defense Division (Da Nang Air Defense Division) Da Nang  

SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-6 Gainful

224th SA Artillery - To Vinh Dien Regiment                   

275th SA Missile - Soc Son Regiment

282nd SA Missile - Tam Giang Regiment


377th Air Defense Division Cam Ranh

SA-2 Guideline, SA-3 Goa, SA-6 Gainful          

591st SA Artillery - Truong Son Regiment         

274th SA Missile - Hung Vuong Regiment


Note: Vietnam has 37 airports with paved runways (over 3,047 m: 9 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5 1,524 to 2,437 m: 14 914 to 1,523 m: 9) and 7 airports with unpaved runways (1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 3 under 914 m: 3) and one heliport

Su-27UBK Flanker-C
Vietnamese Sukhoi Su-27SK Flanker-B
Vietnamese Mikoyan MiG-21MF Fishbed-J
Vietnamese Mikoyan MiG-21UM Mongol-B
Vietnamese Sukhoi Su-22M-2 Fitter-J
Vietnamese Mikoyan MiG-19
Vietnam AF
Vietnamese Su-27SK Flanker-B

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